Perhaps you have ever wondered why hunting is important . Since the beginning of humanity’s existence, hunting has been a vital necessity for survival. At present, it is a leisure activity that takes place in habitats that allow the existence of numerous species of wild animals that can be hunted and that constitute a great attraction for the hunter.
A very important activity that is not limited only to sports or leisure, but also generates business activity and has a great socio-economic influence in the areas in which it is carried out. Of course, always within limits, since it cannot be allowed that preserves and hunting farms carry out activities or take attitudes that endanger the name of the hunt or that give strong reasons to those who try to discredit it to ban it.
Banning hunting would be really harmful to the environment. And it is that hunting activity contributes to its conservation because, thanks to it, the territories that have been preserved intact are very extensive , preventing other more aggressive activities for the environment. For this reason, hunters are obliged to pay licenses and taxes for carrying out the activity, so that later the money is reinvested in conservation activities.
According to a study carried out in 2013 and published by the Arroyo magazine, “Effect of management for small game species on non-hunting fauna” , aspects such as the control of predators, the impact of the contribution of water or food or the repopulations themselves are favorable for all species, whether hunting or not. Even in the case of predator control, it was also advantageous for some prey species, highlighting the negative consequences of illegal control over protected species. But it was also found that too intensive management, based on the release of farm animals, can be very harmful to certain bird species.
For this reason, the researchers concluded that the ideal is to carry out a management that combines the maintenance of adequate habitats, a house based on sustainable natural populations, a correct use of feeders and drinking fountains, maintenance of reserve areas, regulation of hunting pressure and, in some cases, effective and legal predator control from which other species whose conservation is of special interest may benefit.
One of the most recurrent lies about hunting is that it contributes to the extinction of many animals in our country. On the contrary, hunting has been shown to be an activity of great importance in regard to the direct health management of hunting populations , both directly and indirectly, due to its potential for spreading over cattle herd and other species. not hunting. For example, feline leukemia, transmitted by feral cats, constitutes a terrible threat to the Iberian lynx, an endangered species. Outside of Spain, enormous successes have been achieved in this regard with the snow leopard and it seems that it could also help save the threatened rhino.
So hunting is protecting many species in the world. And, although it does not make the headlines, there are many Spanish hunters who have spent years doing recovery work for threatened species such as the lynx or the brown bear.
According to another study also carried out in 2013 and published in the Scientific Journal of Ecology and Environment – Ecosystems, “A proposal to consider health aspects in hunting regulation” , it is necessary to take into account these health aspects in hunting management and in conservation, as hunting species are potential carriers and spreaders of diseases that are often shared with man, cattle and other wild species.
Another study published in the Ambienta magazine by Ramón Perea, “The role of big game in the management and conservation of habitats”, reveals that it is very important to maintain adequate densities of populations of big game ungulates, since an overpopulation can pose a major problem for the regeneration of woody species and a threat to forest dynamics , fundamental aspects within the debate that has recently arisen regarding the possibility of prohibiting hunting in National Parks.
But in addition, you should know that the populations of roe deer, wild boar and deer have experienced spectacular growth in recent decades in our country, which has caused the number of hunters with rifles to have increased by 225% since 2000. Only Since 2005, wild boar kills have increased by 188% and the economy generated around big game hunting has increased by 447%. This has caused that the damages in agriculture and the traffic accidents with fauna have been reduced considerably, which is not negligible since in the case of game species they already account for 60% of the claims.
Many renowned researchers dedicate a lot of time and effort to studying the conservation, management and use aspects of hunting species and their habitats, which later has its consequences on the rest of the species. According to a study carried out by the University of Cambridge, the hunting ban could lead to a loss of biodiversity. For example, as a result of the “Cecil effect”, the number of hunting trips to Zimbabwe fell sharply, making the overpopulation of cats in some areas of the country unsustainable. Then, the experts assured that it was necessary to reduce the number of lions by at least 200 copies.
But you don’t have to go that far to find examples of this kind. In 1999, the Netherlands decided to ban the hunting of geese. Since then, the number of these animals has multiplied by 2,000, which has caused the Dutch to face an annual cost of 11 million euros just to correct the serious damage they cause in agriculture. And not only that, but also pose a serious risk to air traffic, so the government has decided to gas them.
Although there are those who can put the cry in the sky, the truth is that hunting contributes to the correct development of children who practice it, preventing Nature Deficit disorder, which is increasingly common in our society. For example, in England, Denmark or Alaska, hunting is extended and explained to children and is part of their lives as a necessary and natural process. While in Spain they are given a concept of an unreal and mythical nature, in other countries teachers have found hunting one of the best tools to show the reality of the natural environment.
In general, hunting activity is usually demanding, especially if we want to enjoy a hunting day in the high mountains . From equipment to clothing, through security measures and physical conditions, we must take into account many factors to avoid unnecessary scares and risky situations. Many times the terrain can be treacherous, especially in winter. And not only because...
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